Stunting and intestinal parasites in school children from high marginalized localities at the Mexican southeast
Introduction: Children under five years of age from developing countries are in risk of not achieving an adequate human development due to stunting and extreme poverty. They were also affected by intestinal helminths. Inhabitants of the state of Chiapas, the poorest population in Mexico, register the highest prevalence of child malnutrition as well as intestinal parasitic infections. With the purpose of fight against poverty and hunger, the Mexican government launched a social program called “Prospera”. The aim of this work was to determine the prevalence of stunting and intestinal parasites in school children beneficiaries of that social program, from two marginalized municipalities of Chiapas, Mexico.
Methodology: A total of 106 school-age children were recruited for nutritional assessment as well parasitic load measures.
Results: Most children exhibited stunting (88.7%). In these children the prevalence of intestinal parasites was 32.1%, being A. lumbricoides the species with the highest prevalence (25.5%) with moderate parasitic load (15.1%). Positive associations were observed between the presence of intestinal parasites and the municipality where children lived, the type of footwear, or the educational level of the mother.
Conclusions: Extreme poverty conditions in these localities of Mexico are far from reaching the sustainable development goals.
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