Pulmonary tuberculosis screening and quality of life among migrant workers, Northern Thailand

  • Palita Charoensook Mae Fah Laung University, Chiang Rai, Thailand
  • Panupong Upala Mae Fah Luang University, Thailand
  • Amornrat Anuwatnonthakate Mae Fah Laung University, Chiang Rai, Thailand
  • Thapakorn Ruanjai Mae Fah Laung University, Chiang Rai, Thailand
  • Tawatchai Apidechkul Mae Fah Laung University, Chiang Rai, Thailand
Keywords: Tuberculosis, quality of life, depression, migrant workers, knowledge, attitude

Abstract

Introduction: The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) and to assess the quality of life and depression among the migrant workers in northern Thailand.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted to elicit information among migrant workers in Chiang Rai and Pha Yao provinces, northern Thailand. Several standard forms including GeneXpert were used for data collection. A simple random sampling was used to select the companies and the study sample. Interview was conducted in a confidential room. Chi-square was used to detect the association between variables at the significant level α = 0.05.

Results: Totally 467 migrant workers were recruited into the study, 97.9% were Myanmar national, 55.7% were males, and 51.4% were aged > 32 years. Only 2.1% were living in Thailand illegally, 23.8% had no health insurance, and 92.1% had monthly income at < 20,000 baht. Eight cases (1.71%) were at risk of TB disease from the screening, only one case was positive for TB disease from GeneXpert, and no multi-drug resistant detected. 47.5% had a low level of knowledge and 28.7% had a negative attitude on TB prevention and care. 10.7% were in a moderate to severe stage of depression. Six variables were found the significant associated with quality of life; ethnicity, sex, marital status, income, length of working in Thailand, and insurance.

Conclusions: Besides active TB surveillance system, inter-country public health policy should be developed to cope with depression problem and improve quality of life among the migrant in Thailand

Author Biographies

Palita Charoensook, Mae Fah Laung University, Chiang Rai, Thailand

School of Health Science

Panupong Upala, Mae Fah Luang University, Thailand

Center of Excellence for the Hill tribe Health Research

Amornrat Anuwatnonthakate, Mae Fah Laung University, Chiang Rai, Thailand

School of Health Science

Thapakorn Ruanjai, Mae Fah Laung University, Chiang Rai, Thailand

School of Health Science

Tawatchai Apidechkul, Mae Fah Laung University, Chiang Rai, Thailand

School of Health Science, and Center of Excellence for the Hill tribe Health Research

Published
2018-12-31
How to Cite
1.
Charoensook P, Upala P, Anuwatnonthakate A, Ruanjai T, Apidechkul T (2018) Pulmonary tuberculosis screening and quality of life among migrant workers, Northern Thailand. J Infect Dev Ctries 12:1052-1061. doi: 10.3855/jidc.10596
Section
Original Articles