Pulmonary tuberculosis screening and quality of life among migrant workers, Northern Thailand
Introduction: The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) and to assess the quality of life and depression among the migrant workers in northern Thailand.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted to elicit information among migrant workers in Chiang Rai and Pha Yao provinces, northern Thailand. Several standard forms including GeneXpert were used for data collection. A simple random sampling was used to select the companies and the study sample. Interview was conducted in a confidential room. Chi-square was used to detect the association between variables at the significant level α = 0.05.
Results: Totally 467 migrant workers were recruited into the study, 97.9% were Myanmar national, 55.7% were males, and 51.4% were aged > 32 years. Only 2.1% were living in Thailand illegally, 23.8% had no health insurance, and 92.1% had monthly income at < 20,000 baht. Eight cases (1.71%) were at risk of TB disease from the screening, only one case was positive for TB disease from GeneXpert, and no multi-drug resistant detected. 47.5% had a low level of knowledge and 28.7% had a negative attitude on TB prevention and care. 10.7% were in a moderate to severe stage of depression. Six variables were found the significant associated with quality of life; ethnicity, sex, marital status, income, length of working in Thailand, and insurance.
Conclusions: Besides active TB surveillance system, inter-country public health policy should be developed to cope with depression problem and improve quality of life among the migrant in Thailand
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