Extended Spectrum Beta-lactamase producing Salmonella Lindenberg gastroenteritis
Introduction: Increasing antimicrobial resistance among non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) is a major public health issue especially in developing countries and is partly due to the use of antimicrobials in animal feeds as growth promoters. NTS are often associated with self-limiting acute gastroenteritis (AGE). Nevertheless, fluoroquinolones and third-generation cephalosporins are currently used in the treatment of severe diarrhoeal infections.
Methodology: We report the case of a 30-year-old male who presented with clinical symptoms of moderate gastroenteritis. Stool culture and antibiotic susceptibility was performed as per standard microbiological methods. Molecular detection of bla genes was carried out by PCR.
Results: The isolate was confirmed as S. Lindenberg by serotyping. The isolate exhibited dual resistance to fluoroquinolone and third generation cephalosporins. The isolate was an ESBL producer and harboured blaSHV. Based on the antibiotic susceptibility pattern, the patient was successfully treated with ceftriaxone-tazobactam.
Conclusion: Presently, there are no Indian reports on the blaSHV positive ESBL producing S. Lindenberg gastroenteritis. We report on the successful management of the first case of acute gastroenteritis caused by S. Lindenberg that exhibited dual resistance to fluoroquinolone and third generation cephalosporins. Continued surveillance of the antibiotic resistance pattern of the Non-typhoidal Salmonella serovars circulating in the geographical region is warranted.
Copyright (c) 2019 Kesavaram Padmavathy, Rajan Prabhurajan, Rajasekharapanicker Kiran
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).