An Algerian perspective on non-typhoidal Salmonella infection

NTS in Algeria

  • Bilal Djeghout University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
  • Ammar Ayachi University of Batna, Algeria
  • Bianca Paglietti University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
  • Gemma C. Langridge Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
  • Salvatore Rubino Laboratory of Microbiology and Virology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, V. le San Pietro 43/B, 07100 Sassari, Italy.

Abstract

Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) represents a leading cause of food-borne disease worldwide. It is a global public health concern: more than 94 million cases and 115,000 deaths are reported every year, with a disproportionate impact in developing countries. The prevalence of multi-drug-resistant (MDR) Salmonella strains is another major health concern which affects antimicrobial treatment, as many studies report that infections caused by MDR strains are more severe than those caused by susceptible strains. In Algeria, NTS represent one of the primary causes of salmonellosis in both humans and food animal production, especially poultry. Epidemiological surveillance systems and monitoring programs for Salmonella infections are essential requirements to provide data useful for the effective detection and control of Salmonella outbreaks. The present review will supply a perspective on NTS infection, pathogenesis and antimicrobial resistance with a focus on the epidemiology of salmonellosis in Algeria.

Author Biographies

Bilal Djeghout, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy

Department of Biomedical Sciences

Ammar Ayachi, University of Batna, Algeria

Laboratory of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Veterinary Science and Agronomic Sciences

Bianca Paglietti, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy

Laboratory of Microbiology and Virology, Department of Biomedical Sciences

Gemma C. Langridge, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom

Medical Microbiology Research Laboratory

Published
2017-09-05
How to Cite
Djeghout B, Ayachi A, Paglietti B, Langridge G, Rubino S (2017) An Algerian perspective on non-typhoidal Salmonella infection. The Journal Of Infection In Developing Countries 11 (08): 583-590. https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.9456
Section
Regional Reviews