Epidemiological review of human and animal fascioliasis in Egypt

  • Maha F. M. Soliman Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia
Keywords: Fascioliasis, epidemiology, environment, human determinants

Abstract

One of the neglected food-borne-diseases in the international public health arena is fascioliasis. It is a serious infectious parasitic disease infecting humans and animals worldwide and tops all the zoonotic helminthes. Human cases are being increasingly reported from Europe, the Americas, Oceania, Africa and Asia. Hence, human fascioliasis is considered now as a zoonosis of major global and regional importance. In Egypt, animal and human fascioliasis is an endemic clinical and epidemiological health problem. Doubtless, understanding the epidemiology of the parasitic diseases and factors affecting their incidence provides the foundation upon which effective prevention and control programs should be established. This article reviews the history, life cycles, transmission, incidence, geographical distribution, and environmental and human determinants that contribute to the epidemiological picture of fascioliasis with special reference to Egypt.
Published
2008-06-01
How to Cite
1.
Soliman M (2008) Epidemiological review of human and animal fascioliasis in Egypt. J Infect Dev Ctries 2:182-189. doi: https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.260
Section
Regional Reviews