Serosurvey for Toxoplasma gondii in dogs in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

  • Joshua Kamani Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute PMB 01 Vom
  • Aliyu U Mani Dept Of Vet Medicine University of Maiduguri
  • Hussaini A Kumshe University of Maiduguri
  • Goni I Dogo Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute PMB 01 Vom
  • James P Yidawi Mohamet lawan College of Agriculture Maiduguri
  • Dauda K Pauline Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute PMB 01 Vom
  • Henry E Nnabuife Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute PMB 01 Vom
  • Peter Joan Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute PMB 01 Vom
  • Godwin O Egwu University of Maiduguri
Keywords: Toxoplasma gondii, Seroprevalence, Dogs, Borno State, Nigeria

Abstract

The seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) antibodies in dogs in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State, Nigeria, was determined using the Latex Aagglutination Test (LAT). Antibodies (LAT titer > 1:64) to T. gondii were found in 42 (25%) of the animals examined. Antibody titers in positive dogs ranged from 1:64 (15 dogs) to1:2048 (3 dogs). There was a significant statistical difference (P < 0.05) between age groups of dogs, the prevalence being higher in dogs ≥ 3 years (Χ2 = 13.73 P = 0.0002, OR 2.80 CI95% 1.28-6.13 P = 0.008). Pure Alsatians and their crosses were less likely to be seropositive (OR cross breed 0.28 CI95% 0.13-0.61 P = 0.001, OR Alsatian 0.16 CI95% 0.04-0.58 P = 0.002). The high prevalence of T. gondii infection that we found in dogs suggests a need for a larger survey to determine the national prevalence and identify possible risk factors in different agro-climatic zones. Such a study will help in formulating nation-wide control measures for toxoplasmosis. 

Author Biographies

Joshua Kamani, Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute PMB 01 Vom

Parasitology Div

S Vet Res. Officer

Aliyu U Mani, Dept Of Vet Medicine University of Maiduguri

Senior Lecturer

University of Maiduguri

Hussaini A Kumshe, University of Maiduguri

Lecturer 1

Dept Of Vet Medicine

Goni I Dogo, Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute PMB 01 Vom

Head of Division

Parasitology Div NVRI Vom

James P Yidawi, Mohamet lawan College of Agriculture Maiduguri

senior Lecturer

Animal health and production

Dauda K Pauline, Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute PMB 01 Vom

Lab Scientist

Parasitology Div

Henry E Nnabuife, Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute PMB 01 Vom

Research Scientist

Molecular Biology Lab

Peter Joan, Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute PMB 01 Vom

Scientist

NVRi Vom

Godwin O Egwu, University of Maiduguri

Dept of Vet Medicine

Professeor

Published
2009-11-21
How to Cite
1.
Kamani J, Mani AU, Kumshe HA, Dogo GI, Yidawi JP, Pauline DK, Nnabuife HE, Joan P, Egwu GO (2009) Serosurvey for Toxoplasma gondii in dogs in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. J Infect Dev Ctries 4:015-018. doi: 10.3855/jidc.428
Section
Emerging Problems in Infectious Diseases