Exposure to risk factors for Hepatitis B and C viruses among primary school teachers in Karachi

  • Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa PMRC Specialized Research Center, National Institute of Child Health (NICH), Karachi, Pakistan
  • Ashfaque Ahmed Memon PMRC Specialized Research Center, National Institute of Child Health (NICH), Karachi, Pakistan
  • Sadia Nasim PMRC Specialized Research Center, National Institute of Child Health (NICH), Karachi, Pakistan
  • Anjum Shahid PMRC Specialized Research Center, National Institute of Child Health (NICH), Karachi, Pakistan
  • Sobiya Mohiuddin Omar PMRC Specialized Research Center, National Institute of Child Health (NICH), Karachi, Pakistan
Keywords: school teachers, hepatitis, vaccination

Abstract

Introduction: The study aimed to determine hepatitis B vaccination status and assess the exposure of risk factors for hepatitis B and C among primary schoolteachers in Karachi, Pakistan.

Methodology: in Two hundred school teachers from 30 primary schools in Karachi participated in the study between January and June 2008 by completing an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire. Exposure to and knowledge of hepatitis B and C were assessed, as well as mode of transmission and prevention. The percentage of vaccinated and non-vaccinated teachers was also estimated.

Results: Only 73 (36.5%) respondents were vaccinated against HBV. Nine percent (17) of the teachers had received more than 10 therapeutic injections while about 56% (101) took between 5-10 injections per annum. Fifteen (8%) of the teachers confirmed they had been injected with re-used syringes. More than 8% (17) of participants' family members were suffering from hepatitis B or C, while 10% (20) of family members had died of liver diseases without any known history. More than 13% (27) of participants shared razors, brushes, cigarettes and hukahs. Statistically significant difference was also observed in risk factors of hepatitis B and C among male and female respondents. Conclusion: Hepatitis B vaccination among school teachers of Karachi was around 37% with a high use of therapeutic injections and syringe reuse. Health awareness programs and educational workshops are needed for teachers, who can later educate the children.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, PMRC Specialized Research Center, National Institute of Child Health (NICH), Karachi, Pakistan

Pakistan Medical Research Council

Research Officer

Ashfaque Ahmed Memon, PMRC Specialized Research Center, National Institute of Child Health (NICH), Karachi, Pakistan

Pakistan Medical Research Council

Statistical Officer

Sadia Nasim, PMRC Specialized Research Center, National Institute of Child Health (NICH), Karachi, Pakistan

Pakistan Medical Research Council

Research Officer

Anjum Shahid, PMRC Specialized Research Center, National Institute of Child Health (NICH), Karachi, Pakistan

Pakistan Medical Research Council

Principal Research Officer

Sobiya Mohiuddin Omar, PMRC Specialized Research Center, National Institute of Child Health (NICH), Karachi, Pakistan

Pakistan Medical Research Council

Research Officer

Published
2010-06-17
How to Cite
1.
Mustufa MA, Memon AA, Nasim S, Shahid A, Omar SM (2010) Exposure to risk factors for Hepatitis B and C viruses among primary school teachers in Karachi. J Infect Dev Ctries 4:616-620. doi: 10.3855/jidc.499
Section
Original Articles