Bangladeshi backyard poultry raisers’ perceptions and practices related to zoonotic transmission of avian influenza

  • Rebeca Sultana Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Nadia Ali Rimi Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Shamim Azad Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • M. Saiful Islam Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • M. Salah Uddin Khan Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Emily S Gurley Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Nazmun Nahar Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Stephen P Luby Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Abstract

Introduction: Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) virus (known as "bird flu") is an important public health concern due to its potential to infect humans and cause a human pandemic. Bangladesh is a high-risk country for an influenza pandemic because of its dense human population, widespread backyard poultry raising, and endemic H5N1 infection in poultry. Understanding poultry raisers' perceived risks and identifying their risk exposures can help to develop interventions to reduce the risk of avian influenza transmission. This paper explores the perception of Bangladeshi backyard poultry raisers regarding poultry sickness and zoonotic disease transmission and relevant practices.

Methodology: We conducted a qualitative study using social mapping (n=2), in-depth interviews (n=40), household mapping (n=40) and observation (n=16), in two backyard poultry-raising communities.

Results: The poultry raisers recognized various signs of poultry illness but they did not distinguish among diseases using biomedical classifications. They perceived disease transmission from poultry to poultry, but not from poultry to humans. They usually kept sick poultry under the bed. If the poultry did not recover, they were slaughtered and consumed or sold. The poultry raisers had close contact with sick birds while handling and slaughtering poultry.

Conclusions: The poultry raisers are unlikely to follow instructions from health authorities to prevent "bird flu" transmission because many of the instructions ask low-income producers to change their existing practices and require time, money, and financial loss. Villagers are more likely to comply with interventions that help to protect their flocks and address their financial interest.

Author Biographies

Rebeca Sultana, Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Research Investigator, Center for Communicable Diseases (CCD), International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B)
Nadia Ali Rimi, Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Research Investigator, Center for Communicable Diseases (CCD), International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B)
Shamim Azad, Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Research Officer, Center for Communicable Diseases (CCD), International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B)
M. Saiful Islam, Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Research Investigator, Center for Communicable Diseases (CCD), International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B)
M. Salah Uddin Khan, Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Assitant Scientist, Center for Communicable Diseases (CCD), International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B)
Emily S Gurley, Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nazmun Nahar, Center for Communicable Diseases, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Research Consultant, Center for Communicable Diseases (CCD), International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B)
Stephen P Luby, Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Country Director, Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) ; Director, Center for Communicable Diseases (CCD), International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B)
Published
2011-11-21
How to Cite
Sultana R, Rimi N, Azad S, Islam M, Khan M, Gurley E, Nahar N, Luby S (2011) Bangladeshi backyard poultry raisers’ perceptions and practices related to zoonotic transmission of avian influenza. The Journal Of Infection In Developing Countries 6 (02): 156-165. https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.2242
Section
Original Articles

Keywords

backyard raisers; poultry; qualitative research; avian influenza; perception; Bangladesh