Availability and prescription practice of anti-malaria drugs in the private health sector in Yemen

  • Abdulla Salim Bin Ghouth College of Medicine, Hadramout University for Science and Technology, Mukalla, Yemen
Keywords: malaria, surveillance, private, Yemen

Abstract

Introduction: Although the government of Yemen changed the national policy for treating malaria in November 2005 from chloroquine to combination drugs in the form of artesunate + sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) as first line and lumefantrine + artemether as second line treatment for uncomplicated malaria, clinicians in public and private health facilities continued to prescribe chloroquine because their knowledge about the new treatment policy was poor.

Methodology: A non-randomized trial of pre- and post-evaluation of the training and reporting interventions about prescription behaviors and availability of anti-malaria drugs among clinicians and pharmacists in the private sector in three governorates in Yemen  was conducted.

Results: Adherence of clinicians in the private sector to the new national guidelines for anti-malaria drugs improved from 21% in pre-intervention period to 38% after the intervention for artesunate + SP being prescribed as the first-line treatment.  Prescription of lumefantrine + artemether as the second-line anti-malaria treatment was also improved from 18% before the intervention to 22% post-intervention. Unfortunately the combination of halofantrine + SP continued to be frequently prescribed by clinicians in Sana'a city (18%). Artesunate + SP and quinine are increasing their marketing significantly from 8% in the pre-intervention period to 22% post-intervention (P-value 0.001).

Conclusions: The study provides evidence of usefulness of the training intervention on the national guidelines for malaria treatment. Additionally, the involvement of private health-care providers in reporting procedures will promote the rational prescription and availability of anti-malaria drugs.

Author Biography

Abdulla Salim Bin Ghouth, College of Medicine, Hadramout University for Science and Technology, Mukalla, Yemen

Associate professor of community medicine

Department of family medicine

College of medicine

Hadramout University

Malaria control program (Director)/Hadramout/Yemen

Published
2013-05-13
How to Cite
1.
Bin Ghouth AS (2013) Availability and prescription practice of anti-malaria drugs in the private health sector in Yemen. J Infect Dev Ctries 7:404-412. doi: 10.3855/jidc.2528
Section
Original Articles