Targeting of putative fimbrial gene for detection of S. Typhi in typhoid fever and chronic typhoid carriers by nested PCR

  • Chandra Bhan Pratap Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • Gopal Kumar Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • Saurabh Kumar Patel Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • Ajay Kumar Verma Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • Vijay K Shukla Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • Kailash Kumar Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • Gopal Nath Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Keywords: Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, typhoid fever, nested-PCR, putative fimbrial gene

Abstract

Introduction: It is important to identify Salmonella Typhi infection quickly to treat acute fever patients and to prevent transmission by chronic typhoid carriers; therefore, a very specific and sensitive diagnostic technique is highly desirable, especially in endemic areas. The objective of this study was to develop a PCR protocol targeting the putative fimbrial staA gene of S. Typhi. This is a preferred target gene that is specifically amplified in the S. Typhi serotype compared to the commonly targeted fliC gene which may also be amplified from the non-typhoidal Salmonella Munchen serotype.

Methodology: A new nested PCR primer methodology was designed to target the staA gene, which is a member of the fimbrial gene family specific to Salmonella Typhi only.

Results: The primers were found to be very specific as the desired amplicon (377 bp) could be generated exclusively from S. Typhi strains including the reference strain (MTCC 3216) and 78 clinical isolates . Restriction digestion with HinfI confirmed the identity of the amplified DNA fragment in clinical specimens of S. Typhi origin.  Furthermore, these primers were able to detect a minimum of three colony forming units per ml (1fg) in spiked blood samples. The detection sensitivity of the described primers is comparable to that of previously published primers targeting fliC gene sequences.

Conclusions: This study indicates that the primers targeting the putative fimbrial staA gene are very specific to the Typhi serotype and may be a better alternative to fliC targeted amplification based diagnosis.

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Author Biographies

Chandra Bhan Pratap, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Ph.D. of Microbiology
Gopal Kumar, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
M.D. of Microbiology
Saurabh Kumar Patel, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Ph.D. Microbiology
Ajay Kumar Verma, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Ph.D. of Microbiology
Vijay K Shukla, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Professor of General Surgery
Kailash Kumar, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Professor of Medicine
Gopal Nath, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Professor of Microbiology
Published
2013-07-15
How to Cite
1.
Pratap CB, Kumar G, Patel SK, Verma AK, Shukla VK, Kumar K, Nath G (2013) Targeting of putative fimbrial gene for detection of S. Typhi in typhoid fever and chronic typhoid carriers by nested PCR. J Infect Dev Ctries 7:520-527. doi: 10.3855/jidc.2561
Section
Original Articles