Genomics of an emerging clone of Salmonella serovar Typhimurium ST313 from Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo

  • Pimlapas Leekitcharoenphon Division of Bacterial Genomics and Epidemiology, WHO Collaborating Center for Antimicrobial Resistance in Food borne Pathogens and European Union Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance, National Food Institute and Center for Biological Sequence Analysis, Department of System Biology Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Building 204, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby,
  • Carsten Friis Division of Bacterial Genomics and Epidemiology, WHO Collaborating Center for Antimicrobial Resistance in Food borne Pathogens and European Union Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Building 204, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
  • Ea Zankari Division of Bacterial Genomics and Epidemiology, WHO Collaborating Center for Antimicrobial Resistance in Food borne Pathogens and European Union Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Building 204, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
  • Christina Aaby Svendsen Division of Bacterial Genomics and Epidemiology, WHO Collaborating Center for Antimicrobial Resistance in Food borne Pathogens and European Union Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Building 204, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
  • Lance B. Price Division of Pathogen Genomics, Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), Flagstaff, 3051 W. Shamrell Blvd, Ste 106, Flagstaff AZ 86001,
  • Maral Rahmani Division of Bacterial Genomics and Epidemiology, WHO Collaborating Center for Antimicrobial Resistance in Food borne Pathogens and European Union Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Building 204, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
  • Ana Herrero-Fresno Division of Bacterial Genomics and Epidemiology, WHO Collaborating Center for Antimicrobial Resistance in Food borne Pathogens and European Union Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Building 204, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
  • Kayode Fashae Department of Microbiology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan,
  • Olivier Vandenberg Infectious Diseases Epidemiological Unit, Public Health School, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Route de Lennik, 808 B 1070, Brussels and Department of Microbiology, Saint-Pierre University Hospital, Rue Haute, Hoogstraat 322, Brussels, 1000
  • Frank M. Aarestrup Division of Bacterial Genomics and Epidemiology, WHO Collaborating Center for Antimicrobial Resistance in Food borne Pathogens and European Union Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Building 204, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
  • Rene S. Hendriksen Division of Bacterial Genomics and Epidemiology, WHO Collaborating Center for Antimicrobial Resistance in Food borne Pathogens and European Union Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Building 204, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

Abstract

Introduction: Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium ST313 is an invasive and phylogenetically distinct lineage present in sub-Saharan Africa. We report the presence of S. Typhimurium ST313 from patients in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Nigeria.

Methodology: Eighteen S. Typhimurium ST313 isolates were characterized by antimicrobial susceptibility testing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Additionally, six of the isolates were characterized by whole genome sequence typing (WGST). The presence of a putative virulence determinant was examined in 177 Salmonella isolates belonging to 57 different serovars.

Results: All S. Typhimurium ST313 isolates harbored resistant genes encoded by blaTEM1b, catA1, strA/B, sul1, and dfrA1. Additionally, aac(6’)1aa gene was detected. Phylogenetic analyses revealed close genetic relationships among Congolese and Nigerian isolates from both blood and stool. Comparative genomic analyses identified a putative virulence fragment (ST313-TD) unique to S. Typhimurium ST313 and S. Dublin.

Conclusion: We showed in a limited number of isolates that S. Typhimurium ST313 is a prevalent sequence-type causing gastrointestinal diseases and septicemia in patients from Nigeria and DRC. We found three distinct phylogenetic clusters based on the origin of isolation suggesting some spatial evolution. Comparative genomics showed an interesting putative virulence fragment (ST313-TD) unique to S. Typhimurium ST313 and invasive S. Dublin.

Published
2013-10-15
How to Cite
Leekitcharoenphon P, Friis C, Zankari E, Svendsen C, Price L, Rahmani M, Herrero-Fresno A, Fashae K, Vandenberg O, Aarestrup F, Hendriksen R (2013) Genomics of an emerging clone of Salmonella serovar Typhimurium ST313 from Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Journal Of Infection In Developing Countries 7 (10): 696-706. https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.3328
Section
Original Articles

Keywords

Salmonella serovar Typhimurium ST313; Sub-Saharan Africa; MLST; whole genome sequence typing; SNP analysis; virulence genes