High prevalence of multidrug resistant tuberculosis in Djibouti: a retrospective study

  • Géraldine Boyer-Cazajous Hôpital Médico-Chirurgical Bouffard, République de Djibouti
  • Christophe Martinaud Hôpital d’Instruction des Armées Percy, Clamart, France
  • Céline Déhan Hôpital Médico-Chirurgical Bouffard, République de Djbouti
  • Mohammed Osman Hassan Hôpital Paul Faure, Djibouti, République de Djibouti
  • Yassin Gaas Hôpital Paul Faure, Djibouti, République de Djibouti
  • Marie-Caroline Chenilleau-Vidal Hôpital Médico-Chirurgical Bouffard, République de Djibouti
  • Charles Soler Hôpital d’Instruction des Armées Percy, Clamart, France
Keywords: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, drug-resistant tuberculosis, Africa

Abstract

Introduction: The Republic of Djibouti is an African country that exhibits one of the highest incidence rate of tuberculosis in the world. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis among new cases.

Methodology: We studied retrospectively every tuberculosis case diagnosed over a 12-month period in patients hospitalized at the French Military Hospital of Bouffard. During this period, 1,274 samples from 675 patients were tested.

Results: We isolated 266 mycobacteria corresponding to 180 cases of tuberculosis. Thirty-three were fully susceptible and 57% met the tuberculosis criteria, with 46% primary resistance. No extensively-drug-resistant tuberculosis was found.

Conclusion: Our results highlight a major concern about the situation in this part of the world.

Published
2014-02-13
How to Cite
1.
Boyer-Cazajous G, Martinaud C, Déhan C, Hassan MO, Gaas Y, Chenilleau-Vidal M-C, Soler C (2014) High prevalence of multidrug resistant tuberculosis in Djibouti: a retrospective study. J Infect Dev Ctries 8:233-236. doi: 10.3855/jidc.3837
Section
Brief Original Articles