Prevalence of bacterial contamination in blood and blood products at the National Blood Service Zimbabwe

  • Ngonidzashe Makuni National Blood Service Zimbabwe, Mazoe North Street, Belgravia, Harare, Zimbabwe
  • Clifford Simango University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare, Zimbabwe
  • Rooyen T Mavenyengwa University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare, Zimbabwe
Keywords: bacterial, contamination, transfusion infections, Africa

Abstract

Introduction: Advances in screening for infections improve the safety of donated blood. Transfusion-related bacterial sepsis, although not established in Zimbabwe, stills makes bacterial contamination of blood clinically relevant.

Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Harare. Bacteriological and antibiotic susceptibility testing were done using standard methods.

Results: Of the 196 samples analyzed, 6 (3.1%) were contaminated with bacteria. Platelets had a significantly high contamination rate compared to other blood products. Bacteria showed varying patterns of susceptibility to the antibiotics tested.

Conclusions: The prevalence of bacterial contamination in blood products suggests that patients who receive blood products are at risk of developing infection.

Author Biographies

Ngonidzashe Makuni, National Blood Service Zimbabwe, Mazoe North Street, Belgravia, Harare, Zimbabwe
Medical Laboratory Scientist
Clifford Simango, University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare, Zimbabwe
Chairman and Professor
Rooyen T Mavenyengwa, University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare, Zimbabwe
Senior Lecturer/Researcher
Published
2015-04-15
How to Cite
1.
Makuni N, Simango C, Mavenyengwa RT (2015) Prevalence of bacterial contamination in blood and blood products at the National Blood Service Zimbabwe. J Infect Dev Ctries 9:421-424. doi: 10.3855/jidc.5428
Section
Brief Original Articles