Epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of cerebral malaria imported in Albania

  • Arben Ndreu University Hospital Center “Mother Theresa”, Tirana, Albania
  • Diana Hajdari University Hospital Center “Mother Theresa”, Tirana, Albania
  • Anduena Ndoni University Hospital Center “Mother Theresa”, Tirana, Albania
  • Klodiana Shkurti University Hospital Center “Mother Theresa”, Tirana, Albania
  • Dhimiter Kraja Faculty of General Medicine, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania
  • Najada Como Faculty of General Medicine, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania
  • Silva Bino Public Health Institute, Tirana, Albania
  • Nevila Gjermeni University Hospital Center “Mother Theresa”, Tirana, Albania
  • Rudin Domi University Hospital Center “Mother Theresa”, Tirana, Albania
  • Ervin C Mingomataj University Hospital Center “Mother Theresa”, Tirana, Albania
Keywords: Cerebral malaria, Plasmodium falciparum

Abstract

This is a case-report of two patients with cerebral malaria (CM) imported from West-African countries. Notably, this form of malaria was developed as a second disease episode, while the first episode was experienced in West Africa. These findings suggest that the second episode of malaria was caused by a different strain of Plasmodium falciparum as compared to the first one. They are the first cerebral malaria cases imported in Albania after the eradication and absence of Plasmodium for five decades. Early treatment of cerebral malaria is decisive on the duration of coma and disease’s outcome.

Published
2016-02-28
How to Cite
1.
Ndreu A, Hajdari D, Ndoni A, Shkurti K, Kraja D, Como N, Bino S, Gjermeni N, Domi R, Mingomataj EC (2016) Epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of cerebral malaria imported in Albania. J Infect Dev Ctries 10:190-194. doi: 10.3855/jidc.6321
Section
Case Reports