What clinical factors are associated with mortality in septicemic melioidosis? A report from an endemic area

  • Pornanan Domthong Khon Kaen Hospital, Khon Kaen, Thailand
  • Seksan Chaisuksant Khon Kaen Hospital, Khon Kaen, Thailand
  • Kittisak Sawanyawisuth Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand
Keywords: melioidosis, sepsis, predictors, mortality

Abstract

Introduction: Melioidosis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, has high mortality, particularly in its septicemic form. Data on the factors associated with mortality from melioidosis are still limited.

Methodology: All patients (≥ 15 years of age) who were positive for melioidosis by blood culture in the year 2009 were enrolled. The study was conducted at Khon Kaen Hospital, Thailand. Patients were divided into two groups: surviving and deceased. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with death by three models: clinical, laboratory, and combined.

Results: There were 97 patients who had blood cultures positive for melioidosis. The mortality rate was 54.17% (52 patients). The clinical presentation model found one significant factor associated with mortality from septicemic melioidosis: pulmonary presentation. Two factors were statistically significant for death as determined by the laboratory model: white blood cell count (WBC) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) value. For the combined model, three significant factors were associated with death: pulmonary presentation, WBC, and BUN. The adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of the three factors were 10.739 (3.300–34.953), 0.930 (0.877–0.985), and 1.057 (1.028–1.087), respectively.

Conclusions: Three clinical factors associated with mortality in septicemic melioidosis were pulmonary presentation, white blood cell count, and blood urea nitrogen level. Physicians should be aware of high mortality if septicemic melioidosis patients have these clinical features. Aggressive treatment may be needed.

Author Biographies

Pornanan Domthong, Khon Kaen Hospital, Khon Kaen, Thailand
Clinical instructor, Department of Medicine, Khon Kaen Hospital
Seksan Chaisuksant, Khon Kaen Hospital, Khon Kaen, Thailand
Clinical instructor, Department of Medicine, Khon Kaen Hospital
Published
2016-04-28
How to Cite
1.
Domthong P, Chaisuksant S, Sawanyawisuth K (2016) What clinical factors are associated with mortality in septicemic melioidosis? A report from an endemic area. J Infect Dev Ctries 10:404-409. doi: 10.3855/jidc.6455
Section
Brief Original Articles