Prevalence and predictors of hepatitis B in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia: a population-based seroprevalence study

  • Rajaa M Al-Raddadi Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Noha A Dashash Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Hani A Alghamdi Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Hanan S Alzahrani Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdullah J Alsahafi Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdullah M Algarni Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Zeyad M AlRaddadi King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Majed M Alghamdi Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Raghad F Hakim King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdulmohsen Hamdan Al-Zalabani Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Hepatitis B, risk factors, seroprevalence, Saudi Arabia, infectious diseases, epidemiology

Abstract

Introduction: Despite solid preventive strategies to reduce the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, recent reports about its prevalence and predictors are lacking in several Saudi cities at the community level. This study aimed to assess the seroprevalence of HBV and to identify the most important predictors among the Saudi population in Jeddah city, Saudi Arabia.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 5,584 Saudi people attending primary health-care centers in Jeddah city during 2012/2013. Sociodemographic and hepatitis-related data were collected. HBV was diagnosed by ELISA test. The seroprevalence of HBV was estimated, and appropriate statistical analyses were performed, including univariate and multivariable regression analyses.

Results: The seroprevalence of HBV was 2.2% (95% CI = 1.82–2.58) in the studied participants. The prevalence was higher among non-governmental workers (3.5%), male participants (3.4%) and those aged ≥ 25 years (2.4%). The most important predictors for increasing the risk of HBV in this study were HBV contacts, male sex, history of dental procedures and blood transfusion. The significant positive risks associated with these predictors were 3.3, 2.5, 2.0 and 1.65, respectively. HBV vaccination, on the other hand, was associated with a significant risk reduction of 88% (OR = 0.12; 95% CI = 0.03–0.51).

Conclusions: The seroprevalence of HBV was relatively low among the Saudi population in Jeddah city reflecting the actions taken by health authorities to control HBV infection. However, more efforts, particularly in relation to health education programmes, strict control of blood banks and dental clinics, are still needed.

Author Biography

Abdulmohsen Hamdan Al-Zalabani, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
Family and Community Medicine Department
Published
2016-10-31
How to Cite
1.
Al-Raddadi RM, Dashash NA, Alghamdi HA, Alzahrani HS, Alsahafi AJ, Algarni AM, AlRaddadi ZM, Alghamdi MM, Hakim RF, Al-Zalabani AH (2016) Prevalence and predictors of hepatitis B in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia: a population-based seroprevalence study. J Infect Dev Ctries 10:1116-1123. doi: 10.3855/jidc.7880
Section
Original Articles