Malaria knowledge and treatment adherence in a Brazilian Amazon community

  • Taisa Guimarães de Souza Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil
  • Annelita Almeida Oliveira Reiners Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil
  • Rosemeiry Capriata de Souza Azevedo Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil
  • Cor Jesus Fernandes Fontes Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil
  • Rita Graziela Ferreira Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil
  • Priscilla Uiara do Carmo Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil
Keywords: adherence medication, malaria, health knowledge

Abstract

Introduction: Malaria remains an important public health problem despite recent scientific breakthroughs regarding knowledge about malaria and treatment strategies. The objective of this study was to analyze malaria patients’ knowledge about the disease, its treatment and prevention, linking it to drug treatment adherence.

Methodology: A descriptive, cross-sectional, epidemiological survey study was conducted in the district of Três Fronteiras-MT. The study included 618 individuals who were interviewed and examined for Plasmodium infection. Of the 52 patients diagnosed with malaria, 27 were visited at home for an interview about malaria knowledge and treatment adherence. Treatment adherence was evaluated by self-reports and drug conference.

Results: A total of 18 patients had satisfactory knowledge (66.6%) and 9 were evaluated as having unsatisfactory knowledge (33.4%) about malaria. Of the 27 malaria patients, 21 (77.8%) reported having taken all the medication as prescribed, in the correct period of time and dosage, and had no medication tablets remaining. The majority (72.2%) of patients who had satisfactory knowledge, as well as the majority (88.8%) of those who had unsatisfactory knowledge, adhered to the malaria treatment.

Conclusions: This study revealed a high proportion of patients with satisfactory prior knowledge about malaria and revealed that this knowledge was not related to disease treatment adherence. These results have implications for planning strategies for malaria control in the region and could contribute to the reduction in the cases of non-adherence to malaria treatment.

Author Biographies

Taisa Guimarães de Souza, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil
MESTRANDA FACULDADE DE ENFERMAGEM
Annelita Almeida Oliveira Reiners, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil

Departamento de Enfermagem, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brasil

Rosemeiry Capriata de Souza Azevedo, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil

Departamento de Enfermagem, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brasil

Cor Jesus Fernandes Fontes, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil

Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brasil

Rita Graziela Ferreira, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil
Departamento de Enfermagem, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brasil
Priscilla Uiara do Carmo, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil
Departamento de Enfermagem, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brasil
Published
2016-11-24
How to Cite
1.
Souza T, Reiners A, Azevedo R, Fontes C, Ferreira R, do Carmo P (2016) Malaria knowledge and treatment adherence in a Brazilian Amazon community. J Infect Dev Ctries 10:1258-1264. doi: https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.7129
Section
Original Articles