Comparison of HRM analysis and three REP-PCR genomic fingerprint methods for rapid typing of MRSA at a Brazilian hospital
Introduction: Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria are increasingly common and represent a serious problem for public health. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major agents of infections, and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has spread worldwide. The aim of this study was to phenotypically and genotypically characterize 55 MRSAs isolated in the University Hospital of Londrina, Paraná, Brazil, during 2010.
Methodology: Bacterial isolates were characterized based on their antimicrobial susceptibility profile, biofilm production capacity, and staphylococcal chromosome cassette mec (SCCmec) type. Determination of clonal groups was performed by polymerase chain reaction using the RW3A, JB1, and BOX A1R primers and high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis.
Results: The majority of isolates harbored SCCmec type II. SCCmec III, characteristic of the Brazilian endemic clone, was observed in four strains. Only two isolates harbored SCCmec type IV, which is common in community-acquired MRSA strains. Most isolates also showed resistance to more than four of the tested antimicrobials, and 30 isolates exhibited the ability to produce biofilm. DNA polymorphism analysis showed a higher discriminatory power for the JB1 primer, but RW3A revealed several clonal groups of MRSA with similar genotypic and phenotypic characteristics. HRM analysis showed eight different sequence types.
Conclusions: These results are important for epidemiological studies involving MRSA infections.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).