Inactivation of Salmonella Enteritidis on lettuces used by minimally processed vegetable industries

  • Josete Bailardi Silveira Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (ICTA/UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brasil
  • Claudia Titze Hessel Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (ICTA/UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brasil
  • Eduardo Cesar Tondo Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (ICTA/UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brasil
Keywords: Minimally processed vegetable industries, washing and disinfection, sodium hypochlorite, Salmonella Enteritidis SE86

Abstract

Introduction: Washing and disinfection methods used by minimally processed vegetable industries of Southern Brazil were reproduced in laboratory in order to verify their effectiveness to reduce Salmonella Enteritidis SE86 (SE86) on lettuce.

Methodology: Among the five industries investigated, four carried out washing with potable water followed by disinfection with 200 ppm sodium hypochlorite during different immersion times.

Results: The washing procedure alone decreased approximately 1 log CFU/g of SE86 population and immersion times of 1, 2, 5, and 15 minutes in disinfectant solution demonstrated reduction rates ranging from 2.06±0.10 log CFU/g to 3.01±0.21 log CFU/g. Rinsing alone was able to reduce counts from 0.12±0.63 log CFU/g to 1.90±1.07 log CFU/g. The most effective method was washing followed by disinfection with 200 ppm sodium hypochlorite for 15 minutes and final rinse with potable water, reaching 5.83 log CFU/g of reduction. However, no statistical differences were observed on the reduction rates after different immersion times.

Conclusion: A time interval of 1 to 2 minutes may be an advantage to the minimally vegetable processed industries in order to optimize the process without putting at risk food safety.

Author Biographies

Josete Bailardi Silveira, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (ICTA/UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brasil

PHD Student

Laboratório de Microbiologia e Controle de Alimentos, Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos

Claudia Titze Hessel, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (ICTA/UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brasil

PHD Student

Laboratório de Microbiologia e Controle de Alimentos, Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos

Eduardo Cesar Tondo, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (ICTA/UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brasil

Professor

Laboratório de Microbiologia e Controle de Alimentos, Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos

Published
2017-01-30
How to Cite
1.
Silveira JB, Hessel CT, Tondo EC (2017) Inactivation of Salmonella Enteritidis on lettuces used by minimally processed vegetable industries. J Infect Dev Ctries 11:34-41. doi: 10.3855/jidc.8224
Section
Original Articles