Prospective evaluation of vancomycin therapeutic usage and trough levels monitoring
Introduction: Vancomycin is the cornerstone of parenteral therapy for serious methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections. Optimal dosing of vancomycin is patient specific due to its narrow therapeutic window. The objective of this study is to evaluate the appropriate use of vancomycin focusing on the indication, dose, and therapeutic level monitoring.
Methodology: A prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital over a 3- month period. A data collection form was used to gather information on 93 patients receiving vancomycin. Study outcomes were assessment of the appropriateness of vancomycin indication, dose, and therapeutic trough level.
Results: The use of vancomycin both empirically and after culture results was appropriate in 78.5 % of the patients. More than half of the patients (51.6 %) were given an inappropriate dose of vancomycin per actual body weight, creatinine clearance, and indication. Regarding therapeutic vancomycin monitoring, 69.0 % had inappropriate trough level monitoring. Only 15.7 % of the 166 measured troughs were within the target therapeutic level for the corresponding indication.
Conclusion: This study demonstrates the high level of inappropriate use of vancomycin. This is mainly attributed to inappropriate dose and trough level monitoring. Interventions to improve vancomycin prescribing and monitoring practices are needed. The presence of an interdisciplinary team may improve the appropriate use of medications with a narrow therapeutic index such as vancomycin.
Copyright (c) 2018 Wissam K. Kabbara
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).