Primary healthcare centers engagement in tuberculosis treatment in Ukraine

  • Evgenia Geliukh ICF “Alliance for Public Health”, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Dilyara Nabirova US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Central Asia Regional Office, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • Karapet Davtyan TB Research and Prevention Center NGO, Yerevan, Armenia
  • Svetlana Yesypenko Regional Center for Socially Significant Diseases, Odeska oblast, Ukraine
  • Rony Zachariah Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, hosted at the World Health Organization. Geneva, Switzerland
Keywords: tuberculosis, results-based financing, patient-centered care, DOT


Introduction: We assessed the influence of a result-based financing (RBF) model, which included incentives for Primary Healthcare facilities on TB treatment outcomes.

Methodology: We compared TB patients > 17 years and their treatment outcomes among those who did and did not benefit from RBF-model in 14 districts of Odeska oblast, Ukraine in 2017. Log-binomial regression was used to examine factors associated with being included in RBF-model.

Results: Of 2,269 reported TB patients, 308 (14%) were included in RBF-model. Most patients in the RBF-model were from rural areas 229 (74%), unemployed 218 (71%), and HIV-infected 131 (43%). Individuals from urban areas (Adjusted risk ratio, ARR =0.9, 95% Confidence Interval, CI:0.89-0.94), having drug-resistant TB (ARR = 0.3, 95% CI: 0.18-0.45), and relapse TB (ARR = 0.6, 95% CI:0.40-0.83) were less likely to be included in RBF-model. Favorable outcomes in new/relapse cases with RBF-model was 89% compared with 41% (p < 0.001) without RBF. Similarly, for other retreatment this was 83% versus 40% (p < 0.001). Failures in the no-RBF group was 29% for new and relapse cases while for other retreatment cases, it was 26% (significantly higher than in the RBF-model).

Conclusion: RBF-model is effective in achieving high levels of favorable TB treatment outcomes. Almost three-in-ten TB patients in non-RBF category failed TB treatment despite having drug-susceptible TB. Efforts are now needed to include it within ongoing public health reforms and assess the feasibility of scaling-up this intervention through implementation research and dedicated funding.

How to Cite
Geliukh E, Nabirova D, Davtyan K, Yesypenko S, Zachariah R (2019) Primary healthcare centers engagement in tuberculosis treatment in Ukraine. J Infect Dev Ctries 13:83S-88S. doi: 10.3855/jidc.11292
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