Characterization of katG, inhA, rpoB and pncA in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from MDR-TB risk patients in Thailand
Introduction: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is commonly found in Thailand especially in the public health region 5, the Western region of Thailand. This study’s aim was to characterize katG, inhA, rpoB and pncA genes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Methodology: One hundred strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) were isolated from sputum samples of MDR-TB risk patients in the laboratory of the Office of Disease Prevention and Control 5th Ratchaburi province, Thailand from January to December 2015. Drug susceptibility testing (DST) was performed using a BACTEC MGIT 960 system. Furthermore, the genes katG, inhA, rpoB and pncA were characterized by DNA sequencing.
Results: Of a total of 100 MTB samples which underwent drug susceptibility testing, 42% showed isoniazid (INH) and rifampicin (RIF) resistance, and a further 25% showed INH mono-resistance (25%). The most common gene mutations found using DNA sequencing were katG_Ser315Thr (70%), rpoB_Ser531leu (81%) and pncA_Ile31Thr (84%). The common mutation of pncA_Ile31Thr substitution was detected in 26 of 91 (29%) pyrazinamide (PZA) susceptible isolates.
Conclusion: Using DNA sequencing to screen for gene mutations conferring drug resistance may be feasible and use less time than using DST to detect resistance patterns.
Copyright (c) 2020 Krairerk Suthum, Worada Samosornsuk, SEKSUN SAMOSORNSUK
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