KPC-2 producing Pseudomonas putida as an unexpected pathogen of catheter-associated bloodstream infection
Infections due to multidrug resistant Gram-negative pathogens are of great concern worldwide, as they are frequently associated with high mortality and morbidity rates. The occurrence of Pseudomonas spp. producing Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemases (KPCs) imposes a great challenge through treatment course of bloodstream infections (BSIs). Pseudomonas putida has been recognized as an emerging pathogen of healthcare associated infections (HAIs). Therefore, we aimed to report a case of a non-fatal case of peripheral line associated BSI (PLA-BSI) in an immunocompromised host due to P. putida harboring blaKPC-2 gene in Brazil. A P. putida isolate was recovered from a blood culture of a 72-year-old man admitted at a University Hospital, identified by BD Phoenix™ 100 (Becton, Dickinson and Company), causing PLA-BSI. The species identification was confirmed by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and resistance to carbapenems were confirmed by Epsilometer test (E-test®). Additionally, the presence of important carbapenemases genes (blaKPC, blaNDM, blaOXA-48-like, blaSPM, blaIMP, blaVIM) was investigated by Polymerase Chain Reaction. The bacterial isolate was confirmed as meropenem resistant P. putida harboring blaKPC-2 gene.Thereofre, these fidings suggest that P. putida can work as a reservoir for resistance genes as this bacterium has the ability to disseminate through water-fluids inside hospital and community settings. Moreover, this paper highlights that a frequent and worldwide disseminated mechanism of resistance (blaKPC-2) is currently occurring among uncommon agents of BSI.
Copyright (c) 2020 Raiane Cardoso Chamon, Jaqueline Abel da Rocha, Isabella Araujo Martins, Laís Lopes Pires, Breno Macêdo de Almeida, Nahara Souza Leite, Cláudia Rezende Vieira de Mendonça Souza1, Viviane Zahner, Rachel Leite Ribeiro, Thiago Pavoni Gomes Chagas, Ianick Souto Martins
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