Renal echinococcosis; the parasite, host immune response, diagnosis and management

  • Hossein Yousofi Darani Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • Rasool Jafari Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Keywords: Renal echinococcosis, Hydatid cyst, Immune response

Abstract

Renal echinococcosis is a rare parasite-caused disease of humans and animals; it makes up about 4% of confirmed cases of cystic echinococcosis. It is a zoonotic disease that occurs in the intermediate hosts harboring the larval stage, the hydatid cyst, of Echinococcus spp. The renal involvement is often asymptomatic or with unspecific signs. Its diagnosis is mostly based on imaging technique. Immunodiagnostic tests are not applicable. Furthermore, because the disease is not common, our knowledge about its different aspects is scarce. In this review, the parasite, host immune response, diagnosis, and management of renal echinococcosis are described.

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Published
2020-05-31
How to Cite
1.
Yousofi DaraniH, Jafari R (2020) Renal echinococcosis; the parasite, host immune response, diagnosis and management. J Infect Dev Ctries 14:420-427. doi: 10.3855/jidc.11496
Section
Reviews