Colonization by multidrug-resistant microorganisms of hospitalized newborns and their mothers in the neonatal unit context
Introduction: The mother plays a fundamental role in the constitution and regulation of her child's healthy microbiota, however, preterm newborns are separated from their mothers soon after birth and transferred to Neonatal Intensive Care Units, being exposed the constant risk for the development of multidrug-resistant microorganisms’ infections. The aim of this study was to explore the multidrug-resistant microorganism colonization of hospitalized babies and their mothers in the neonatal unit context.
Methodology: A prospective case study conducted with hospitalized babies and their mothers in the Neonatal Unit at a university hospital. The sample was composed of 433 binomials (mother-child). Colonization culture samples were taken at the moment of the baby’s discharge, via two swabs in the oral, nasal, axillary, inguinal, and rectal regions.
Results: The colonization incidence among the binomials, 30 (6.9%) were both colonized by multi-resistant microorganisms. Mothers of colonized babies (24.4%) demonstrated a higher chance of colonization in comparison to mothers of non-colonized babies (11.9%) (p = 0.002). Relationships were drawn between baby colonization and prematurity, extremely low birth weight, and non-exclusive maternal breastfeeding (p<0.05). ESBL-producing Gram-negative microorganisms were more frequent in the cultures of the binomials, with 35.9% of the babies colonized with Klebsiella spp. ESBL and 42.0% of the mothers with Escherichia coli ESBL. Furthermore, 50% of the binomials were colonized with E. coli ESBL.
Conclusion: The prematurity, extremely low birth weight, and non-exclusive breastfeeding at hospital discharge were associated with baby colonization by multidrug-resistant microorganism. Furthermore, mothers of colonized children presented higher chances of colonization.
Copyright (c) 2020 Andressa Midori Sakai, Thayla Nadrielly Aparecida Nicolino Iensue, Kauana Olanda Pereira, Nathália Aparecida Andrade de Souza, Claudineia Maria Silva, Marta Silva de Almeida Salvador, Renne Rodrigues, Jaqueline Dario Capobiango, Marsileni Pelisson, Eliana Carolina Vespero, Lucy Megumi Yamauchi Lioni, Marcia Regina Eches Perugini, Sueli Fumie Yamada Ogatta, Edilaine Giovanini Rossetto, Gilselena Kerbauy
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