Knowledge, attitude and precautionary practices towards COVID-19 among healthcare professionals in Karachi, Pakistan

  • Sadia Shakeel Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
  • Hina Rehman Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Mohammad Azmi Hassali Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
  • Faraz Hashmi Sindh Medical College, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
Keywords: COVID-19, Healthcare professionals, pandemic, Pakistan

Abstract

Introduction: With the increase in the incidence rate of COVID-19, healthcare professionals (HCPs) being at the frontline of the outbreak response are at higher risk of getting exposure and suffering from the infection. The present study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and precautionary practices of HCPs towards COVID-19.

Methodology: The current study was a descriptive, cross-sectional, online study directed to the HCPs working in a metropolitan city of Karachi, during February 2020 and March 2020 using a self-administered questionnaire. A systematic random sampling approach was adopted.

Results: A total of 286 completed surveys were incorporated in the investigation with a response rate of 74.28%. The median (interquartile range, IQR) knowledge score was 18.79 (17.64-19.57). Physicians were found to be more knowledgeable (OR: 1.32, 95% CI: 0.17-4.26, p = 0.003) as compared to other HCPs. Similarly, the HCPs working in private work settings (OR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.54-2.79, p=0.001), having more experience (OR = 1.82; 95% CI = 1.64-2.78; p < 0.005) were found to be more well-informed than HCPs working in public sector (OR = 0.81; 95% CI = 0.63–0.72; p = 0.004). The correlation between the knowledge and attitude of respondents was found to be significantly correlated (correlation coefficient: 0.13, p < 0.005).

Conclusions: The findings of the study revealed that HCPs were well conversant and have an optimistic attitude towards COVID-19. Further contemplates are required to evaluate the understanding of HCPs at a national level so that viable mediations could be planned to combat this pandemic.

Published
2020-10-31
How to Cite
1.
Shakeel S, Rehman H, Hassali MA, Hashmi F (2020) Knowledge, attitude and precautionary practices towards COVID-19 among healthcare professionals in Karachi, Pakistan. J Infect Dev Ctries 14:1117-1124. doi: 10.3855/jidc.12714
Section
Coronavirus Pandemic