Facing COVID-19 pandemic: development of custom-made face mask with rapid prototyping system

  • Pasquale Piombino Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy
  • Umberto Committeri Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy
  • Giovanna Norino Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy
  • Luigi Angelo Vaira Maxillofacial Surgery Operative Unit, University Hospital of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
  • Stefania Troise Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy
  • Fabio Maglitto Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy
  • Domenico Mariniello Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy
  • Giacomo De Riu Maxillofacial Surgery Operative Unit, University Hospital of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
  • Luigi Califano Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy
Keywords: COVID-19, Face mask, Personal protective equipment, PPE, 3D-printed

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 is a global pandemic. The virus spreads through respiratory droplets and close contact. Therefore, the availability of personal protective equipment (PPE) for healthcare professionals is essential. 3D printing technology could represent a valid option to ameliorate PPE shortages.

Methodology: Custom-made face mask were designed on the basis of facial scan and then 3D-printed. The whole protocol is executed with freeware software and only required a 3D printer. Six healthcare workers wore the device weekly thus expressing a judgment regarding quality of work, respiratory and skin comfort.

Results: The estimated total cost of a single mask is approximately 5 USD. The virtual design of a complete mask lasted 68 minutes on average. Most healthcare workers rated comfort as very good.

Conclusions: Based on the encouraging results obtained, we can confidently confirm that custom-made masks are novel and useful devices that may be used in the fight against COVID-19.

Published
2021-01-31
How to Cite
1.
Piombino P, Committeri U, Norino G, Vaira LA, Troise S, Maglitto F, Mariniello D, De Riu G, Califano L (2021) Facing COVID-19 pandemic: development of custom-made face mask with rapid prototyping system. J Infect Dev Ctries 15:51-57. doi: 10.3855/jidc.13384
Section
Coronavirus Pandemic