Malaria epidemic in humanitarian crisis settings the case of South Kordofan state, Sudan

  • Nouh S Mohamed Nile University, Khartoum, Sudan
  • Yousif Ali Sudan Federal Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan
  • Mohamed S Muneer Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, United States
  • Emmanuel E Siddig Alfarrabi College for Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
  • Carol H Sibley University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
  • Ayman Ahmed Institute of Endemic Diseases, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
Keywords: Malaria, Epidemic, Humanitarian Settings, Sudan

Abstract

Introduction: Malaria remains one of the most common public health problems worldwide, especially in Sudan. With this short communication we aimed at reporting on the latest malaria epidemic that had occurred in the humanitarian settings in South Kordofan state, south-western Sudan, during 2018 and 2019.

Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study analyzing malaria surveillance reports between February 2018 to September 2019. Malaria was reported from febrile patients with confirmed malaria diagnosis using Giemsa stain. According to age, patients were distributed across three categories: less than 5 years, 5 to 15 years, and more than 15 years.

Results: In 2019 and 2018, 63,214 and 63,224 cases of malaria were reported, respectively, constituting around 5.5% of the state population (1,152,900). In 2018, 3,571 malaria cases were reported in February, then they decreased in August followed by increase in September-October. In 2019, 15,610 malaria cases were reported in September. Malaria cases aged less than 5 years were 21,848 and 23,561 cases in 2018 and 2019, respectively.

Conclusions: The reported sudden epidemic of malaria is alarming. Therefore, identifying the risk factors associated with this epidemic is crucial to malaria prevention and control, and hence successful achievement of malaria elimination.

Published
2021-01-31
How to Cite
1.
Mohamed NS, Ali Y, Muneer MS, Siddig EE, Sibley CH, Ahmed A (2021) Malaria epidemic in humanitarian crisis settings the case of South Kordofan state, Sudan. J Infect Dev Ctries 15:168-171. doi: 10.3855/jidc.13122
Section
Brief Original Articles

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