Automated detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis using transfer learning
Introduction: Quantitative analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis using microscope is very critical for diagnosing tuberculosis diseases. Microbiologist encounter several challenges which can lead to misdiagnosis. However, there are 3 main challenges: (1) The size of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is very small and difficult to identify as a result of low contrast background, heterogenous shape, irregular appearance and faint boundaries (2) Mycobacterium tuberculosis overlapped with each other making it difficult to conduct accurate diagnosis (3) Large amount of slide can be time consuming and tedious to microbiologist and which can lead to misinterpretations.
Methodology: To solve these challenges and limitations, we proposed an automated-based detection method using pretrained AlexNet to trained the model in 3 sets of experiments A, B and C and adjust the protocols accordingly. We compared the detection of tuberculosis using AlexNet Models with the ground truth result provided by microbiologist and analyzed inconsistencies between network models and human.
Results: 98.15 % accuracy, 96.77% sensitivity and 100% specificity for experiment A, 98.09% accuracy, 98.59% sensitivity and 97.67% specificity for experiment B and 98.73% testing accuracy, 98.59 sensitivity, 98.84% specificity ofr experiment C which sound robust and promising.
Conclusions: The results indicated that network performance was successful with high accuracies, sensitivities and specificities and it can be used to support microbiologist for diagnosis of tuberculosis.
Copyright (c) 2021 Abdullahi Umar Ibrahim, Emrah Guler, Meryem Guvenir , Kaya Suer , Sertan Serte, Mehmet Ozsoz
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).