Knowledge about antibiotics and antibiotic resistance among health-related students in a Saudi University

  • Zafar Akbar Clinical Laboratory Science Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Al Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia
  • Nahed Alquwez Nursing Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Al Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdulellah Alsolais Nursing Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Al Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia
  • Suhas Kaniyarakkal Thazha Clinical Laboratory Science Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Al Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammad Dabeer Ahmad College of Pharmacy, Shaqra University, Al Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia
  • Jonas Preposi Cruz Nursing Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Al Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antibiotic resistance, clinical laboratory science, knowledge, nursing students, pharmacy students

Abstract

Introduction: Antibiotic resistance is a threat to public health and safety globally. The inadequate undergraduate education on antibiotic stewardship may contribute to the clinical malpractice of antibiotics, causing serious consequences toward patient health. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of future healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia on antibiotics, antibiotic use, and antibiotic resistance. The factors influencing the students’ knowledge were also determined.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study using a survey questionnaire was carried out among 284 Clinical Laboratory Science, Nursing, and Pharmacy students in Saudi Arabia from January to April 2019. Multiple regression analyses were performed to identify the factors influencing the students’ knowledge regarding antibiotics, antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance.

Results: The study found that students have above-average knowledge of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance, whereas their knowledge of antibiotic use was inadequate. Several factors, including gender, program, academic level, awareness about antibiotic resistance, attendance to seminars/training, and belief on the seriousness of antibiotic resistance problem, affect students’ knowledge. The findings suggest that the knowledge of students in these areas should be improved.

Conclusions: Misconceptions are prominent in certain areas, such as in the concept of antibiotics and their uses. The findings prompt immediate interventions to improve students’ knowledge of antibiotics and resistance. Curricular contents must be reviewed and enhanced to suit the specific learning needs of students in terms of these concepts.

Author Biographies

Zafar Akbar, Clinical Laboratory Science Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Al Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia

Lecturer, Clinical Laboratory Science Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences

Nahed Alquwez, Nursing Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Al Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia

Asst. Prof., Nursing Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences

Abdulellah Alsolais, Nursing Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Al Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia

Asst. Prof., Nursing Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences

Suhas Kaniyarakkal Thazha, Clinical Laboratory Science Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Al Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia

Lecturer, Clinical Laboratory Science Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences

Mohammad Dabeer Ahmad, College of Pharmacy, Shaqra University, Al Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia

Lecturer, College of Pharmacy

Published
2021-07-31
How to Cite
1.
Akbar Z, Alquwez N, Alsolais A, Thazha SK, Ahmad MD, Cruz JP (2021) Knowledge about antibiotics and antibiotic resistance among health-related students in a Saudi University. J Infect Dev Ctries 15:925-933. doi: 10.3855/jidc.12329
Section
Original Articles