Antibacterial effect of acetic acid during an outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in an ICU (II)
Introduction: Acetic acid (AA) has been commonly used in medicine as an antiseptic agent for the past 6000 years. This study evaluated the antibacterial effect of AA during an outbreak in an intensive care unit (ICU) facility in Baja California Sur, México.
Methodology: Thirty-five environmental samples were collected, subsequently, disinfection with AA (4%) was performed, and two days later the same areas were sampled inside the ICU facility. Carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) was detected with loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (Garciglia-Mercado et al. companion paper), targeting blaOXA-23-like, blaOXA-24-like, blaOXA-51-like, blaOXA-58-like, blaIMP and blaVIM genes. CRAB isolates before and after disinfection were compared by PFGE.
Results: Eighteen (54.5%) and five (14.3%) of thirty-five environmental samples were identified as Acinetobacter baumannii before and after disinfection, respectively, showing a significant decrease of 85.7% (p < 0.05) both by Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Furthermore, the presence of blaOXA-23-like and blaOXA-58-like genes significantly decreased (p < 0.05) both by LAMP and PCR methods. PFGE genotype showed high similarity among CRAB isolates before and after disinfection, suggesting wide clonal dissemination in the ICU facility.
Conclusions: This study demonstrated the novel application of AA with the LAMP assays developed for detecting CRAB. AA promises to be a cheap and efficacious disinfectant alternative to both developed and especially developing countries, preventing the spread of this organism in the environment and to other susceptible patients in health care settings.
Copyright (c) 2021 Carolina Garciglia Mercado, Ramon Gaxiola Robles, Felipe Ascencio Valle, Concepción Grajales Muñiz, Maria Luisa Soriano Rodríguez, Jesus Silva Sanchez, Maria Teresa Estrada Garcia, Gracia Gomez Anduro
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).