Health related factors contributing to COVID-19 fatality rates in various communities across the world

  • Jamal Kareem Shakor Nursing Department, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, KGR, Iraq
  • Rawand Abdulrahman Isa College of Nursing, University of Raparin, Rania, KGR, Iraq
  • Muhammed Babakir-Mina College of Health and Medical Technology, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, KGR, Iraq
  • Salar Ibrahim Ali College of Health and Medical Technology, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, KGR, Iraq
  • Taib Ahmad Hama-Soor College of Health and Medical Technology, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, KGR, Iraq
  • Jangy Esmail Abdulla College of Nursing, University of Raparin, Rania, KGR, Iraq
Keywords: COVID-19, case fatality rate, epidemiology, immunology, comorbidity

Abstract

Introduction: Factors such as comorbidity, age and gender distribution are mostly related to hospitalization, numbers requiring intensive care and case fatality rate. In this review, the fatality rate of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in different population health background according to comorbidity, age, gender distribution, and laboratory prognosis for COVID-19.

Methodology: The current review was based on the data from copious studies that had homogeneity in relation to the review’s objectives. It included the newest studies from December 2019 to September 2020. The epidemiological reasons for the high morbidity and mortality rates among COVID-19 patients were analyzed in different countries.

Results: The highest comorbidity prevalence of COVID-19 was recorded in the United States of America (USA) (93.9%) and Italy (68%). Among population health background factors, comorbidity was the most common cause of COVID-19 fatality in the USA. The mean age of the most COVID-19 fatalities was more than 60 years old. Most of the studies show that 60% of COVID-19 patients were male. The fatality rates for the age group of 80-89 years-old in Korea, China, and Italy were 8.7 %, 14.7 %, and 18.8 % respectively. Lymphocytopenia has been observed in 91% of COVID-19 death cases. C - reactive protein had increased in 40-60% of COVID-19 patients.

Conclusions: Many factors contribute to COVID-19 severity and fatality rates. Comorbidity, age, and gender were the main reasons for the Case Fatality Rate. This review recommends to follow preventive measures for overcoming the challenges faced during this emerging pandemic disease.

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Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
1.
Shakor JK, Isa RA, Babakir-MinaM, Ali SI, Hama-SoorTA, Abdulla JE (2021) Health related factors contributing to COVID-19 fatality rates in various communities across the world. J Infect Dev Ctries 15:1263-1272. doi: 10.3855/jidc.13876
Section
Coronavirus Pandemic