The role of anxiety, stigma, religiosity, and economic condition in COVID-19 preventive efforts among lecturers

  • Cucu Herawati College of Health Sciences Cirebon, Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia
  • Awis Hamid Dani College of Health Sciences Cirebon, Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia
  • Herlinawati College of Health Sciences Cirebon, Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia
  • Syaeful Bakhri Faculty of Sharia and Islamic Economics, IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia
  • Lilis Banowati College of Health Sciences Cirebon, Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia
  • Nuniek Tri Wahyuni College of Health Sciences Cirebon, Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia
  • Raden Nur Abdurakhman College of Health Sciences Cirebon, Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia
Keywords: stigma, anxiety, economy, religiosity, prevention

Abstract

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic influences the spirituality and mental health of individuals. It also has caused a global economic recession. COVID-19 is easily transmitted and causes death. Consequently, severe prevention and control measures of COVID 19 are required in this situation. This study aims to analyze the relationship between anxiety, stigma, religiosity, economic conditions, and the prevention of COVID-19.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was designed. The data collection was taken through online surveys. The population in this study is ninety-two lecturers from the College of Health Sciences and the State Islamic Institute who were chosen using a non-probability snowball sampling technique. Data analysis used logistic regression analysis.

Results: The results showed that there was a relationship between anxiety (p = 0.001), stigma (p = 0.008), religiosity (p = 0.005) and the efforts to prevent COVID-19, while economic conditions (p = 0.882) were not related to the preventive efforts. The results of multivariate analysis indicated that the most influential variable affecting COVID-19 preventions was the level of anxiety, with an Odds Ratio of 4.9.

Conclusions: There was a relationship between anxiety, stigma, religiosity, and COVID-19 preventions, while there was no relationship between economic conditions and COVID-19 preventions. The most influencing variable was anxiety. Respondents must be able to manage anxiety levels related to COVID-19 with good coping strategies.

Author Biographies

Awis Hamid Dani, College of Health Sciences Cirebon, Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia

Public health

Herlinawati, College of Health Sciences Cirebon, Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia

Public health

Lilis Banowati, College of Health Sciences Cirebon, Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia

Public Helath

Nuniek Tri Wahyuni, College of Health Sciences Cirebon, Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia

Nursing

Raden Nur Abdurakhman, College of Health Sciences Cirebon, Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia

Nursing

Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
1.
Herawati C, Dani AH, Herlinawati, Bakhri S, BanowatiL, Wahyuni NT, Abdurakhman RN (2021) The role of anxiety, stigma, religiosity, and economic condition in COVID-19 preventive efforts among lecturers. J Infect Dev Ctries 15:1281-1285. doi: 10.3855/jidc.14085
Section
Coronavirus Pandemic