COVID-19 vaccine demand, hesitancy, and nationalism: a case of protection motivation behavior in Bangladesh

  • Mostafizur Rahman Department of Science and Humanities, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Aviation and Aerospace University, Dhaka (Old Airport), Bangladesh
  • Afnan Hossain Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Abu Sufian Department of Political Studies, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh
  • Nahida Anwar Department of Philosophy, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Keywords: COVID-19, protection motivation behavior, vaccine demand, vaccine hesitancy, vaccine nationalism


Introduction: Immunization, as a process of fighting against the COVID-19, has gained important research appeal, but very limited endeavor has been paid for vaccine behavioral studies in underdeveloped and developing countries. This study explores the vaccine demand, hesitancy, and nationalism as well as vaccine acceptance and domestic vaccine preference among young adults in Bangladesh.

Methodology: This quantitative study followed the snowball sampling technique and collected responses from 1,018 individuals from various social media platforms. The analysis covered both descriptive and inferential statistics including chi-square, F-statistic, and logistic regression.

Results: The findings of the fully-adjusted regression model suggest that the individuals who had more vaccine demand were 3.29 times (95% confidence interval = 2.39-4.54; p < 0.001) higher to accept vaccine compared to those who had no vaccine demand. Conversely, vaccine hesitancy was negatively associated with vaccine acceptance. Here, the odds ratio was found 0.70 (95% confidence interval = 0.62-0.80; p < 0.001), which means that those who had higher vaccine hesitancy were about 30% less likely to accept vaccines than those who had no hesitancy. In addition, the persons who had vaccine nationalism were 1.75 times (95% confidence interval = 1.62-1.88; p < 0.001) more prone to prefer domestic vaccine.

Conclusions: This study suggests that policymakers may take initiatives for making people aware and knowledgeable about the severity and vulnerability to specific health threats. In this concern, perception and efficacy-increasing programs may take part in increasing protection motivation behaviors like vaccine acceptance and (domestic) vaccine preference.


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How to Cite
Rahman M, Hossain A, Sufian A, Anwar N (2021) COVID-19 vaccine demand, hesitancy, and nationalism: a case of protection motivation behavior in Bangladesh. J Infect Dev Ctries 15:1388-1395. doi: 10.3855/jidc.15029
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