Association between obesity and diabetes prevalence and COVID-19 mortality in Mexico: an ecological study

  • Daniel Ernesto Noyola Departamento de Microbiologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí, Mexico
  • Natalia Hermosillo-Arredondo Departamento de Microbiologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí, Mexico
  • Carolina Ramírez-Juárez Departamento de Microbiologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí, Mexico
  • Annia Werge-Sánchez Departamento de Microbiologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí, Mexico
Keywords: pandemic, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, mortality, diabetes, obesity, respiratory viruses

Abstract

Introduction: Mortality rates associated with COVID-19 vary widely between countries and, within countries, between regions. These differences might be explained by population susceptibility, environmental factors, transmission dynamics, containment strategies, and diagnostic approaches. We aimed to analyze if obesity and diabetes prevalence are associated with higher COVID-19 mortality rates in Mexico.

Methodology: We analyzed the mortality rate for each of the 2,457 municipalities in Mexico, one of the countries with highest COVID-19 mortality rate, during the first seven months of the pandemic to identify factors associated with higher mortality, including demographic, health-related characteristics (prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and hypertension in adults older than 20 years old), and altitude.

Results: During the first seven months of the COVID-19 pandemic there were 85,666 deaths reported in Mexico, with a cumulative mortality rate of 67 per 100,000 population. The mean mortality rate for the 2,457 municipalities in Mexico was 33.9 per 100,000 population. At a municipal level, the prevalence of diabetes and obesity, as well as high human development index, and location at < 500 or > 2000 above sea level were associated with higher mortality rate.

Conclusions: Elevated obesity and diabetes prevalence explain, in part, high COVID-19 mortality rates registered in certain municipalities in Mexico. These results suggest that a regionalized approach should be considered to successfully limit the impact of SARS-CoV-2.

Published
2021-10-31
How to Cite
1.
Noyola DE, Hermosillo-Arredondo N, Ramírez-Juárez C, Werge-Sánchez A (2021) Association between obesity and diabetes prevalence and COVID-19 mortality in Mexico: an ecological study. J Infect Dev Ctries 15:1396-1403. doi: 10.3855/jidc.15075
Section
Coronavirus Pandemic