Social inequalities associated with the onset of tuberculosis in disease-prone territories in a city from northeastern Brazil
Introduction: Tuberculosis remains a major health problem worldwide, killing thousand adults and children every year mainly in developing countries as Brazil. The disease is socially determined, caused mainly by inequalities as overcrowding, bad conditions of housing, unemployment, and limited access to health care. The aim of this study was to identify the social inequalities associated with the onset of tuberculosis in disease-prone territories in a city from the Northeast.
Methodology: This was an ecological study, which has gathered patients diagnosed with tuberculosis through secondary data source in a city from the northeast of Brazil. The GAMLSS statistical model has been applied considering as response variable the count of Tuberculosis cases and the independent variable, the social conditions. The double Poisson distribution was considered in the analysis. The best model fitted was selected according the Akaike information criterion value. For all tests, the p value < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
Results: 460 patients with diagnosis of tuberculosis were identified, which represents an incidence of 36.3 cases/100,000 in males and 20.7 cases/100,000 in females. Regarding social inequality associated with tuberculosis, income (households with per capita income between 1/8 and 3 minimum wages), gender and age (Proportion of males under 15 years of age) were associated with the disease.
Conclusions: The findings evidenced the social determinants associated with tuberculosis, with a greater occurrence of the disease in areas with mostly male children and low-income families, these issues must be managed within and beyond the health sector, which is mandatory for the Tuberculosis elimination.
Copyright (c) 2021 Hamilton Leandro Pinto de Andrade, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Melina Yamamura, Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Thaís Zamboni Berra, Marcelino Santos Neto, Ione Carvalho Pinto, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Aline Aparecida Monroe, Kamila Anise Alexander, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio
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