Hepatitis C in several risk groups of Kosovo

  • Albiona Rashiti-Bytyci Department of Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health of Kosova, Prishtina, Kosovo
  • Naser Ramadani Department of Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health of Kosova, Prishtina, Kosovo
  • Premtim Rashiti University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”, Kosovo
Keywords: hepatitis c, haemodialysis, surgery, internal medicine, mental health, HIV, health professionals

Abstract

Introduction: Infections with hepatitis C are on the rise. The statistics on the general population of Kosovo infected with hepatitis C is lacking. The study tends to detect sero-prevalence in the following risk groups: haemodialysis patients; patients of surgical units, internal medicine units, and mental health units; HIV-diagnosed patients, health professionals, and women in the prenatal period. A number of institutions, providers of medical care to these groups' patients, have been targeted.

Methodology: A total of 378 samples were collected from various institutions, with 347 of them being tested for anti-HCV and 31 being tested for RT-PCR assays.

Results: From the total of 387 samples, 72 samples (19.05%) resulted positive. The highest number was recorded in haemodialysis centres. In other groups, a low prevalence was recorded.

Conclusions: The study can conclude that high prevalence of HCV infection still remains a major health problem, especially in haemodialysis centres. In the future, it is planned to expand the study in the future to include other risk categories or the entire population.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2022-01-31
How to Cite
1.
Rashiti-BytyciA, Ramadani N, Rashiti P (2022) Hepatitis C in several risk groups of Kosovo. J Infect Dev Ctries 16:173-178. doi: 10.3855/jidc.15090
Section
Original Articles