Peste des petits ruminants virus antibodies in domestic large ruminants in Bangladesh

  • Emdadul Haque Chowdhury Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
  • Preyangkar Kundu Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
  • Jahan Ara Begum Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
  • Tusar Chowdhury Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
  • Mushfiqur Rahman Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
  • Afia Khatun Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
  • Shib Shankar Saha Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Barishal, Bangladesh
  • Mohammed Nooruzzaman Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
  • Rokshana Parvin Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2558-2735
  • Mohammad Rafiqul Islam Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
Keywords: Seroprevalence, PPRV, c-ELISA, sheep, cattle, buffalo

Abstract

Introduction: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an important transboundary animal disease of small ruminants which causes serious damage to the livelihood and food security of millions of small-scale farmers. PPR is endemic in goats in Bangladesh since 1993. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of PPR in sheep, cattle, and buffaloes in Bangladesh.

Methodology: A total of 434 blood samples from sheep (n = 100), cattle (n = 190) and buffalo (n = 144) were collected aseptically. Sera were separated and antibody titer was determined using a commercially available c-ELISA kit.

Results: The overall seroprevalence was 16% and 3.68% in sheep and cattle, respectively, while buffaloes had a considerably higher seroprevalence of 42.36%. The study suggests that buffaloes are more prone to the PPR virus (PPRV) infection and cattle.

Conclusions: This study provides serological evidence of PPRV infection in cattle and buffaloes. These results may warrant further studies to find out the role of large ruminants in transmitting PPRV infection to small ruminants and vice versa and inclusion of all domestic and wild ruminants for regular surveillance program.

Author Biography

Preyangkar Kundu, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh

Published
2022-02-28
How to Cite
1.
Chowdhury EH, Kundu P, Begum JA, Chowdhury T, Rahman M, Khatun A, Saha SS, Nooruzzaman M, Parvin R, Islam MR (2022) Peste des petits ruminants virus antibodies in domestic large ruminants in Bangladesh. J Infect Dev Ctries 16:369-373. doi: 10.3855/jidc.15189
Section
Original Articles