Peste des petits ruminants virus antibodies in domestic large ruminants in Bangladesh
Keywords:Seroprevalence, PPRV, c-ELISA, sheep, cattle, buffalo
Introduction: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an important transboundary animal disease of small ruminants which causes serious damage to the livelihood and food security of millions of small-scale farmers. PPR is endemic in goats in Bangladesh since 1993. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of PPR in sheep, cattle, and buffaloes in Bangladesh.
Methodology: A total of 434 blood samples from sheep (n = 100), cattle (n = 190) and buffalo (n = 144) were collected aseptically. Sera were separated and antibody titer was determined using a commercially available c-ELISA kit.
Results: The overall seroprevalence was 16% and 3.68% in sheep and cattle, respectively, while buffaloes had a considerably higher seroprevalence of 42.36%. The study suggests that buffaloes are more prone to the PPR virus (PPRV) infection and cattle.
Conclusions: This study provides serological evidence of PPRV infection in cattle and buffaloes. These results may warrant further studies to find out the role of large ruminants in transmitting PPRV infection to small ruminants and vice versa and inclusion of all domestic and wild ruminants for regular surveillance program.
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