Cumulative effects of hypertriglyceridemia in HIV-infected patients switching from NNRTIs to PI-based antiretroviral therapy
Keywords:Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, protease inhibitors, highly active antiretroviral therapy, hypertriglyceridemia
Introduction: The objective of this study was to investigate changes in serum lipids among HIV-infected patients switching from non-nucleoside-reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) to protease inhibitor (PI)-based highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), and to determine if changes of lipid profiles impacted the monocyte subsets recovery.
Methodology: Fifty-seven subjects who switched from NNRTIs to PI-based HAART (NNRTIs to PI group) and fifty-five subjects who initially started with PI-based HAART (initial PI group) were recruited. According to their baseline triglyceride (TG) levels, the NNRTIs to PI and initial PI groups were further divided into non-hypertriglyceridemia and hypertriglyceridemia subgroups, respectively. The effects of PI-based HAART on lipid profiles and monocyte subsets were analyzed.
Results: At 48 weeks, the TG changes in the NNRTIs to PI group was higher than that of the initial PI group. The increases of serum TG levels in the initial PI non-hypertriglyceridemia group was greater than that of the NNRTIs to PI non-hypertriglyceridemia group. For the hypertriglyceridemia group at baseline, significant increment in TG levels were observed in the NNRTIs to PI hypertriglyceridemia group. The percentages of circulating CD14highCD16+ and CD14lowCD16+ subsets were elevated in the two groups. At 48 weeks, the proportion of CD14highCD16+ monocytes declined gradually, and the proportion of CD14lowCD16+ monocytes decreased independently of the TG level.
Conclusions: For non-hypertriglyceridemia individuals at baseline, PI-based regimens increased the TG level in the initial PI group. For the NNRTIs to PI hypertriglyceridemia group, PI-based regimens reinforced HAART-related hypertriglyceridemia.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).