Evaluation of blood and biochemical parameters of COVID-19 patients in Suez Canal University Hospital; A retrospective study

  • Maha Anani Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
  • Shaimaa AAM Amer Public Health and Occupational Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt
  • Rania M Kishk Microbiology and Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
  • Adel Hassan Endemic and Infectious Diseases Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
  • Shaimaa Hassan Histology and Cell Biology Department Faculty of Medicine, Menofuia University, Egypt
  • Fadia Attia Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
Keywords: COVID-19, blood indices, biochemical parameters, Egypt

Abstract

Introduction: The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV2-CoV-2) viral outbreak in Wuhan (China) caused thousands of confirmed cases and deaths around the world. Severe viral pneumonia with respiratory failure and death are the ultimate consequence of infection. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the regularly performed standard laboratory parameters that can assist in COVID-19 case identification and establish an effective approach to help care and management of (COVID-19) patients.

Methodology: COVID-19 (n = 129) patients were hospitalized in the Suez Canal University Hospital and were retrospectively examined. Laboratory parameters were gathered from patients upon admission (n = 129) during the period from the 20th of June to 15th of August 2020. SARS-CoV-2 cases were diagnosed clinically and radiologically by chest Computed Tomography (CT) and confirmed by RT-PCR.

Results: The results showed that COVID-19 survivors exhibited lower hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (HCT), while showed higher Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW), neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and lymphocytes. Logistic regression analysis showed that age greater than 60 years old, neutrophilia and high NLR were associated with more deaths.

Conclusion: Monitoring of lymphopenia, neutrophilia and NLR may help categorizing patients who may need Intensive care.

Published
2022-04-30
How to Cite
1.
Anani M, Amer SA, Kishk RM, Hassan A, Hassan S, Attia F (2022) Evaluation of blood and biochemical parameters of COVID-19 patients in Suez Canal University Hospital; A retrospective study. J Infect Dev Ctries 16:592-599. doi: 10.3855/jidc.14591
Section
Coronavirus Pandemic