Association of abnormal vaginal microflora and HPV infection in cervical precancerous lesions: a retrospective study
Keywords:Vaginal microflora, human papillomavirus, cervical cancer, risk factors
Introduction: The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between abnormal vaginal microflora and different types of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical precancerous lesions during the perimenopausal period.
Methodology: This retrospective study included women patients who underwent liquid-based cytologic test (LBC), HPV test, leucorrhea routine test, or routine urine test at the China-Japan Friendship Hospital between October 2019 and January 2020. A cut-off of 45 years was used as the cut-off age for menopause. The positivity and subtypes of HPV were determined using a chip-based assay. Vaginal microflora was determined using an HB-2012a flow-through hybridization instrument.
Results: A total of 132 patients were included in this study. 97 patients were younger than 45 years of age, with a median age of 35 (8.0), and 35 patients ≥ 45 years of age, with a median age of 55 (11.0). There were no significant differences in cytology, type of cervical lesion, HPV type, and common pathogens of the reproductive tract (all p > 0.05). The multivariable analysis showed that only HPV-16 infection lesions (OR: 2.825, 95% CI: 1.121-7.120, p = 0.028), Chlamydia trachomatis infection (OR: 0.142, 95% CI: 0.024-0.855, p =0.033), and Mycoplasma infection (OR: 7.750, 95% CI: 1.603-37.474, p = 0.011) were independent risk factors for cervical precancerous lesions. The menopausal status (with age < 45 or > 45 years as its surrogate) was not associated with cervical precancerous lesions.
Conclusions: Menopause was not associated with cervical precancerous lesions. The results suggest that the prevention and treatment of HPV-16, Chlamydia trachomatis infection, and Mycoplasma infection could be significant to prevent the occurrence of cervical precancerous lesions.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).