Intravenous high dose vitamin C and selected antiviral drugs in hospitalized COVID-19 patients: a descriptive cohort study
Keywords:COVID-19, Remdesivir, Favipiravir, Vitamin C, retrospective study, Lebanon
Introduction: There is lack of universal agreement on the management of COVID-19. Intravenous high dose vitamin C (HDVC), remdesivir (RDV), and favipiravir (FPV) have been suggested as part of the treatment regimens and only RDV is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) so far. There is no study in Lebanon that addresses the descriptive cohort of HDVC and antiviral therapy amongst COVID-19 inpatients. Our goal was to highlight such a cohort.
Methodology: A retrospective electronic chart review of COVID-19 inpatients was done over a period of 10 months (August 2020 to April 2021). Comparative data analysis was performed between HDVC and non-HDVC (NHDVC) groups, and RDV and FPV groups.
Results: Among HDVC patients, 70.1% (p = 0.035) and 67.2% (p = 0.008) had dyspnea and desaturation respectively. Patients on HDVC were less likely to remain in hospital for more than 20 days (p = 0.003). HDVC patients were more likely to be on oxygen therapy with 74.7% (p = 0.002). RDV patients were more likely to be on other COVID-19-related medications during hospitalization including the use of tofacitinib, baricitinib, tocilizumab, and anticoagulation as recommended in the guidelines. Statistical significance was noted for the status on discharge as 90.1% of the patients that received RDV were discharged after clinical improvement, compared to the 74.2% of the FPV patients.
Conclusions: Further research is needed to establish local guidelines for the treatment of COVID-19. A significant role of HDVC and FPV might resurface if randomized control trials are conducted.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).