Antibiotic use and resistance: Information sources and application by dentists in Jordan

  • Ghaith M Al-Taani Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan
  • Sayer Al-Azzam Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
  • Reema A Karasneh Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2919-1280
  • Mera Ababneh Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
  • Ola B Al-Batayneh Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
  • Yousef S Khader Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
  • Barbara R Conway Institute of Skin Integrity and Infection Prevention, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5570-3318
  • Mamoon A Aldeyab Department of Pharmacy, School of Applied Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8148-7612
Keywords: Dentists, antimicrobial, resistance, knowledge, behavior, attitude, prescribing practices, antimicrobial stewardship

Abstract

Introduction: The availability of evidence-based information sources for dentists is essential to influence antibiotic prescribing practices and we need to understand how dentists interact with such sources and how this influences their practice. The present study aimed to evaluate dentists’ preferred sources of information and their awareness of available information and initiatives on prudent antibiotic prescribing practices in Jordan.

Methodology: An online cross-sectional questionnaire was administered to dentists between July to September 2021. It was an adapted version of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) survey for antibiotic use and resistance.

Results: A total of 204 dentists responded to the survey. The main sources of information regarding avoiding unnecessary antibiotic prescribing were published guidelines (35.5%), the dental professional body (20.0%), colleagues or peers (18.6%), and scientific organizations (17.2%), with the influence of these sources on changing prescribers’ views being 40.7%, 9.8%, 10.3%, and 14.2%, respectively. Of the surveyed dentists, 9.3%, 33.8%, and 56.9% were aware, unaware, and unsure of the presence of national action plans on antimicrobial resistance, respectively. Dentists reported their desire to receive more information about resistance to antibiotics (57.8%), medical conditions for which antibiotics are used (52.9%), how to use antibiotics (41.2%), prescribing of antibiotics (39.7%), and links between the health of humans, animals, and the environment (26.0%).

Conclusions: The study provided insights into the information available to and used by dentists, which can inform effective antimicrobial stewardship strategies for improving antibiotic prescribing.

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Published
2022-10-31
How to Cite
1.
Al-TaaniGM, Al-AzzamS, Karasneh RA, Ababneh M, Al-BataynehOB, Khader YS, Conway BR, Aldeyab MA (2022) Antibiotic use and resistance: Information sources and application by dentists in Jordan. J Infect Dev Ctries 16:1607-1613. doi: 10.3855/jidc.16540
Section
Original Articles

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