Seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen and associated risk factors among pregnant women

  • Sirin Cetin Ondokuzmayis University, Samsun, Turkey
  • Meryem Cetin Mustafa Kemal University, Antakya, Turkey
  • Ebru Turhan Katip Celebi University, Izmir, Turkey
  • Kenan Dolapcioglu Mustafa Kemal University, Antakya, Turkey
Keywords: hepatitis B virus, pregnant women, risk factor

Abstract

Introduction: Hepatitis B infection is a serious global public health problem. The aim of the study was to assess the seroprevalance of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), as well as the risk factors associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among pregnant women attending antenatal care clinics of the University Hospital in Antioch, Turkey.

Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out between May 2016 and December 2016. The Chi-squared was utilized to estimate the statistical significance of the association between socio-demographic variables and HBsAg status. The results were generated as proportions odds ratio (OR) with their 95% confidence intervals (Cl) and calculated by using both univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.

Results: The seroprevalence of HBsAg was found to be 2.1%. A significant association was observed between age and HBsAg seropositivity (p = 0.027). History of blood transfusion (AOR = 9.51, 95% CI = 1.92-46.80, p = 0.006), history of hepatitis (AOR = 11.13, 95% CI = 2.02-61.28, p = 0.006), tattooing (AOR = 13.64, 95% CI = 2.52-73.76, p = 0.002) and a history of household/close contact (AOR = 11.10, 95% CI = 1.56-78.65, p = 0.016) were significantly associated with the risk of HBV infection.

Conclusions: Data regarding the seroprevalence of HBsAg and risk factors associated with HBV infection in pregnant women plays a crucial role in evaluating the effectiveness of the public health protection policies and the strategies to control the disease.

Author Biographies

Ebru Turhan, Katip Celebi University, Izmir, Turkey

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine,

Kenan Dolapcioglu, Mustafa Kemal University, Antakya, Turkey

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine,

Published
2018-10-31
How to Cite
1.
Cetin S, Cetin M, Turhan E, Dolapcioglu K (2018) Seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen and associated risk factors among pregnant women. J Infect Dev Ctries 12:904-909. doi: https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.10018
Section
Original Articles