Streptococcus Gallolyticus endocarditis in patient with liver cirrhosis: a case report
Streptococcus gallolyticus (S. gallolyticus) bacteremia is commonly associated with endocarditis and diseases of gastrointestinal tract, especially with colorectal carcinoma. On the other side, it is rarely connected to liver disease, especially alcoholic liver disease. A 44-old patient with a history of one month fever, pre-existing heart murmur and previous alcohol abuse, was treated in Clinic for Infectious and tropical diseases, Clinical Centre of Serbia (CCS), Belgrade. The diagnose of infective endocarditis (IE) of the aortic valve caused by S. gallolyticus has been established. Despite the conducted antibiotic treatment based on antibiogram, pericardial effusion with paracardial aortic abscess was diagnosed on the 9th day of treatment. Pericardiocentesis was done and 800 mL of haemorrhagic fluid was evacuated in the Clinic for Cardiology, CCS. Unfortunately, 20th day of hospitalization the patient died. Clinical autopsy confirmed endocarditis, liver cirrhosis and chronic pericarditis. Prognosis of the outcome of treatment of patient with endocarditis caused S. gallolyticus and liver cirrhosis is not optimistic. Therefore, significant attention should be given to patients with liver cirrhosis and febrile of unknown origin.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).