Enterobacteria in the 21st century: a review focused on taxonomic changes

  • Soraya Morales-López CINBIOS Research Group, Department of Microbiology, Universidad Popular del Cesar, Valledupar, Colombia
  • Jayr A Yepes Research Group of Biotechnology and Enviromental Genotoxicity, Department of Microbiology, Universidad Popular del Cesar, Valledupar, Colombia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0730-6921
  • Juan C Prada-Herrera CINBIOS Research Group, Department of Microbiology, Universidad Popular del Cesar, Valledupar, Colombia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8581-1395
  • Augusto Torres-Jiménez CINBIOS Research Group, Department of Microbiology, Universidad Popular del Cesar, Valledupar, Colombia
Keywords: Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia, Enterobacterales, Morganellaceae

Abstract

Introduction: Enterobacteria are the main group causing infections in humans. The aim of this review is to present the new genera and the taxonomic changes that the Enterobacteriacea family has experienced in recent years.

Methodology: a systematic search of papers published in databases from January 2000 to July 2018 was done. Additionally, the bibliographic references of each document were reviewed and each paper citing the article was reviewed in search of clinical cases.

Results: Nineteen new genera of Enterobacteria have been described since 2000. The genera Yersinia, Morganella and Erwinia do not belong to the family Enterobacteriacea anymore.

Conclusions: for an adequate clinical and epidemiological interpretation, it is advisable to update the libraries of the commercial systems used for the identification of the microorganisms, as well as to train the staff in the taxonomic changes of microorganisms.

Published
2019-04-30
How to Cite
1.
Morales-López S, Yepes J, Prada-Herrera J, Torres-Jiménez A (2019) Enterobacteria in the 21st century: a review focused on taxonomic changes. J Infect Dev Ctries 13:265-273. doi: https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.11216
Section
Reviews