Leptospirosis presenting as acute meningoencephalitis

  • Sanjeev Jha Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, UP, India
  • Mohd Khateebullah Ansari Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, UP, India
Keywords: Leptospirosis, Spirochetes, Viral encephalitis, Weil’s disease, Hemorrhagic alveolar pneumonitis, Hepato-renal, Zoonotic disease

Abstract

Leptospirosis in humans is a common zoonotic disease. It is often under-diagnosed, especially when associated with neurological features, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. This subgroup of patients with neurological manifestations is often empirically treated for cerebral malaria, dengue fever, tuberculous meningitis, hepatic encephalopathy, viral encephalitis, etc. Hence it is important to be aware of uncommon manifestations of this disease. We report one such patient, which highlights the importance of considering leptospirosis as the diagnostic possibility with hepato-renal, pulmonary and nervous system involvement, particularly where diagnostic supports and resources are limited.

Author Biographies

Sanjeev Jha, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, UP, India

Additional professor

Deptt of neurology

SGPGIMS

Lucknow ,INDIA

Mohd Khateebullah Ansari, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, UP, India

Senior Resident

Department of Neurology

SGPGIMS

Published
2010-01-25
How to Cite
1.
Jha S, Ansari MK (2010) Leptospirosis presenting as acute meningoencephalitis. J Infect Dev Ctries 4:179-182. doi: 10.3855/jidc.646
Section
Case Reports