Acute hepatitis: a rare complication of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection

  • Mehmet Uluğ Department of Infectious Diseases, BSK Anadolu Hospital, Kütahya
  • Mustafa Kemal Çelen Dicle University Medical School, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinic Microbiology, Diyarbakir
  • Celal Ayaz Dicle University Medical School, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinic Microbiology, Diyarbakir
  • Mehmet Faruk Geyik Düzce University Medical School, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinic Microbiology, Düzce
  • Salih Hoşoğlu Dicle University Medical School, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinic Microbiology, Diyarbakir
Keywords: Infectious mononucleosis, Epstein-Barr virus, complication, hepatitis

Abstract

Infectious Mononucleosis (IM), a benign lymphoproliferative disease, is the best known clinical syndrome caused by Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV). It usually resolves over a period of weeks or months without sequelae but may occasionally be complicated by a wide variety of neurologic, hematologic, hepatic, respiratory, and psychological complications. In this report we describe a patient with acute hepatitis following EBV-IM in a previously healthy woman. A 26-year-old woman who presented with fever, generalized weakness, nausea, sore throat, yellowing of skin, and a generalized skin rash was admitted to our clinic. Tonsillar enlargement, pharyngeal erythema, palatal petechiae, lymphadenopathy, and jaundice were noted. Significant atypical lymphocytes ( > 10%) were seen on the peripheral blood smear. Liver function tests such as ALT: 303 U/L, AST: 172 U/L, ALP: 193 U/L and total bilirubin: 7.3 mg/dl were elevated. Serological tests for EBV infection were consistent with acute infection (EBV virus capsid antigen was reactive with IgM and IgG antibodies). The Monospot test was also positive. On the seventh day, liver function tests and bilirubin had risen to peak level and platelets were decreased. The patient was managed supportively and her critical condition improved and was finally stabilized. Although the prognosis for IM is very favorable, a variety of acute complications may occur.

Published
2010-10-26
How to Cite
1.
Uluğ M, Çelen MK, Ayaz C, Geyik MF, Hoşoğlu S (2010) Acute hepatitis: a rare complication of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. J Infect Dev Ctries 4:668-673. doi: 10.3855/jidc.871
Section
Case Reports