Pre-earthquake non-epidemic Vibrio cholerae in Haiti

  • Jie Liu University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
  • Christopher Winstead-Derlega University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
  • Eric Houpt University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
  • Rebecca Heidkamp Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
  • Jean Pape Groupe Haïtien d’Etude du Sarcome de Kaposi et des Infections Opportunistes, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
  • Rebecca Dillingham University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Keywords: Haiti, microbiology, V. cholerae, epidemic

Abstract

Introduction: To our knowledge, there was no record of Vibrio cholerae in Haiti until the 2010 post earthquake outbreak.

Methodology: This study describes the analysis of 301 stool samples from 117 infants in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, who participated in a pediatric nutrition study between July 2008 and October 2009.

Results: Nine samples were identified positive with both SYBR Green and Taqman-MGB probe based molecular assays targeting V. cholerae hlyA and toxR, respectively (Ct = 33 – 40), but none were O1 or O139.

Conclusions: Our results from multiple molecular assays demonstrate the presence of non-O1/O139 V. cholerae DNA in stools collected from nine asymptomatic Haitian infants two years prior to the 2010 earthquake.

Published
2014-01-15
How to Cite
1.
Liu J, Winstead-Derlega C, Houpt E, Heidkamp R, Pape J, Dillingham R (2014) Pre-earthquake non-epidemic Vibrio cholerae in Haiti. J Infect Dev Ctries 8:120-122. doi: 10.3855/jidc.4524
Section
Brief Original Articles