Awareness of antibiotic use and antimicrobial resistance in the Iraqi community in Jordan

  • Dana A Darwish Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan
  • Suzanne Abdelmalek Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan
  • Wael Abu Dayyih Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan
  • Salim Hamadi Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan
Keywords: awareness, antibiotics, antimicrobial resistance, Iraqi, Jordan

Abstract

Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance is a serious global health concern. It has considerable implications on societies' health and resources.

In Jordan, there is a large Iraqi community due to the ongoing turmoil in Iraq. Unfortunately, health awareness and practices of this community are under-investigated due to scarcity of research. This paper assesses the awareness of antibiotic use and antimicrobial resistance in the Iraqi community residing in Amman, Jordan. Their level of interaction with health care professionals regarding antibiotics and differences in their antibiotic use between Iraq and Jordan are also discussed.

Methodology: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey involving randomly selected Iraqis residing in Amman, Jordan was conducted.

Results: The study involved 508 participants. Sixty-two percent of participants agreed with buying antibiotics without a prescription, 29% agreed with obtaining antibiotics from friends or relatives, and 46% agreed with keeping leftover antibiotics for future use. Furthermore, 60% disagreed with not completing an antibiotic course and almost 90% of the sample listed viral diseases as an indication for antibiotics. Forty-four percent of participants abided by physicians’ instructions on antibiotic use. Half of the participants believed that pharmacists provided instructions on antibiotics all the time, whereas physicians were perceived to do so by 29% of participants.

Conclusions: Gaps exist in knowledge of antibiotic use and reasons for antimicrobial resistance among Iraqis residing in Jordan. These gaps should serve in planning educational campaigns to raise the community’s awareness of responsible antibiotic use. Law enforcement to restrict access to antibiotics is also pivotal to tackle their misuse.

Author Biographies

Dana A Darwish, Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan
Assistant Professor in Clinical Pharmacy - Department of Pharmacology and Biomedical Sciences
Suzanne Abdelmalek, Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan

Assistant professor in Microbiology. Department of Pharmacology and Biomedical Sciences

Wael Abu Dayyih, Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan
Assistant Professor in the department of  Pharmaceutical Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy
Salim Hamadi, Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan
Professor in Clinical Pharmacy - The Department of Pharmacology and Biomedical Sciences
Published
2014-05-14
How to Cite
1.
Darwish DA, Abdelmalek S, Abu Dayyih W, Hamadi S (2014) Awareness of antibiotic use and antimicrobial resistance in the Iraqi community in Jordan. J Infect Dev Ctries 8:616-623. doi: 10.3855/jidc.4086
Section
Original Articles